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Two centuries differ from each other in many ways – the current and past XX and XXI centuries. Life dictates its own conditions: its rhythm is accelerated, it is oversaturated with information. The world goes to another level, an incredible amount of new ones is being created. This does not change: careful and reverent attitude towards children; both to their own and to a whole generation of children. Grandparents. Children are the future, everyone knows that. The quality of life in a few years, technological progress, the state of the environment, and the level of medicine depend on how these children will be raised and how much effort will be invested in them. Are there people who are indifferent to the future of their city, state, planet? It is in the interests of everyone to educate a worthy Man, to raise a real citizen, to endow him with important values. Our great-grandfathers thought so, so we now think.The difference between a modern child and children of past generations is noticeable to the naked eye. So why are the children in whom the seemingly equal amount of love and care invested, so different from their peers who lived a century, half a century, or even twenty years ago?
First, consider the reasons for such differences. Undoubtedly, the most important role in them is played by changing living conditions. Today’s children grow up in a completely different, hundreds of times more saturated information field. The modern world provides in abundance information that children can only absorb, without making certain efforts. Indeed, you must agree that in order to raise data on a topic, it is easier to open a page on the Internet than to search through a two-volume reference book, go to a library or visit a museum. So what are they, modern children? The first distinguishing feature that is characteristic of modern children, which I would like to note, is the need for continuous monitoring. In the last century, parents, grandparents, could leave the child in the apartment, reminding him only that the door should not be opened to anyone and should not indulge in matches. They left for half a day in complete confidence that the apartment would remain safe and sound until their return. Now, with the advent of numerous gadgets, expensive equipment, expensive furniture, insecurity and fear of both life and health are inherent in parents child’s health, and for the safety of an expensive leather sofa, new parquet and a plasma TV. Indeed, in our time, children at an early age are unusually smart, act instantly. This allows them to carry destruction with great speed.
Previously, parents, leaving the child in a room with an uncomplicated toy in private, could easily have dinner and talk. Now you need to be in constant direct contact with the child. Otherwise, in the best case, damage to household property is inevitable, and in the worst case, injuries and other unpleasant consequences. Accordingly, in order to avoid problems, parents invite nannies and governesses, or they send their children to special institutions, which in the first and in the second case entails certain consequences, often negative. It is enough to compare the games played by children of different eras. Previously – soft toys, cubes, designers, railways, mosaics, dolls. Now – computer games, cartoons from the Internet or TV, mobile phones, game consoles. And progress regularly equips children with newer and newer “toys.”
The second item on the list of characteristic features of the current generation of children, I would put a constant thirst for attention. This could be attributed to upbringing, politeness and punctuality, but, as the trend is growing, it is rather a “disease” of an entire era, rather than individual families.
Previously, a child on a walk was left to his own devices, could spend hours entertaining himself in the sandbox or near a large puddle, for example, launching boats and spanking in boots on the water. Parents at this time had the opportunity to read the newspaper or spent time talking. Now you rarely see such a picture. A modern child insistently pulls on the sleeve of his mother, who has stopped to talk with a friend, turns around, is naughty, meets in an adult conversation and does her best to draw attention to herself until she receives it. Children of past generations calmly waited for the conversation to end. If you do not pay attention to these antics of modern children, the case may turn into a serious resentment. When today’s children want to share their opinions, they actively draw attention to themselves, shout, cry, do everything to be noticed and allowed to speak. If this fails, they are offended. Another suitable definition for modern children, I consider the word “all-knowing.” They have a radically increased need for information, but also a well-developed ability to perceive and process it. But in children, the choice of the object of study, of course, is limited to the most interesting information. That is, about pirates and, for example, horses, they get an exhaustive amount of data. Television and the Internet instantly provide any information in unlimited quantities. Open access allows you to get any knowledge, you just need to click on a couple of buttons. Nevertheless, it remains to recognize the fact that the worldwide network plays a huge role in raising a modern child. But in this notorious open access to the Internet there are also dangers: the availability of information that threatens the normal psychological and emotional development of the child.
In conclusion, I can say that if we compare the modern preschooler with the children of the sixties of the last century, the differences in world perception, pace of development, behavior and self-awareness become apparent. And it is impossible to apply the approaches and methods that were relevant 20, 30, 40 and 50 years ago in the education of a modern child. Each new generation is unique, and each specific child is unique. The key to success of parents will be an individual approach and attentive attitude to the child.